Quit India Movement was a mass direct action movement launched by Mahatma Gandhi on 8 August 1942. He launched the movement in Gowalia Tank Maidan (now also referred to as August Kranti Maidan), and gave a call ‘do or die’.
While launching the movement, he demanded that British must leave India immediately alternatively mass agitations would happen .
The call for mass agitation was followed by widespread violence and sabotage. it had been directed at railway stations, telegraph offices, government buildings, and other emblems and institutions of colonial rule.
Almost all prominent leaders of Congress were arrested, and it had been banned. Moreover, British further used police and military to suppress the movement.
Quit India Movement: History
One of the main triggers of Quit India Movement was British dragging India, without consent, into war II to fight on behalf of england . Over 87,000 Indian soldiers (including those from modern-day Pakistan, Nepal, and Bangladesh) died in war II.
The Cripps Mission (March 1942), lead by Sir Stafford Cripps, a member of the War Cabinet, was an effort to secure India’s cooperation and support for his or her efforts in war II. Cripps was sent to debate British Government’s Draft Declaration with Indian leaders. It granted India Dominion Status after the war. However, the Congress refused to debate any terms unless it included total freedom.
Quit India Movement: Quotes and Images
Here are some quotes from Gandhi’s Quit India speech on 8 August 1942.
“A non-violent soldier of freedom will covet nothing for himself, he fights only for the freedom of his country.”
“Ours is not a drive for power, but purely a non-violent fight for India’s independence.”
“Truth alone will endure, all the rest will be swept away always in the tide of time.”
“I believe that in the history of the world, there has not been a more genuinely democratic struggle for freedom than ours.”