Chess may be a game of strategy and wits. it’s long been considered to be the thinking game. it’s an exquisite game to play anytime, anywhere, and with almost everyone. International Chess Day is widely known on 20 July annually.
International Chess Day: History
Chess was invented in Northern Indian Subcontinent during the Gupta period (319 – 543 CE). At that point it had been named as “Chaturanga”. little question this is often one among the oldest games of the age . Then this game spread to Persia. When Persia was conquered by the Arabs, Chess became a crucial a part of the lifetime of the Muslim population and from there it spread to Southern Europe. In Europe, Chess evolved in its current form. And afterward , it takes the form of the fashionable game
Now the sport became more popular. Various Chess tournaments are held with exciting new variations. Further, the timing mechanism was also introduced within the game in 1861 with effective rules and charismatic players. within the eighth Summer Olympic Games in Paris, France on 20 July, 1924, FIDE that’s World Chess Foundation was established. And from 20 July, 1966, International Chess Day started celebrating to honour the founding of FIDE. To celebrate International Chess Day on 20 July was proposed by UNESCO. everywhere the planet now Chess tournaments are held. In 1851 in London, the primary modern chess tournament was held and it had been won by German Adolf Anderssen.
The General Assembly proclaimed 20 July as World Chess Day on 12 December 2019, to mark the date of the establishment of the International Chess Federation (FIDE) in Paris in 1924. Under the initiative of FIDE, 20 July has been observed as International Chess Day by chess players round the world since 1966.
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International Chess Day: Significance
Chess is one among the traditional games with a mixture of sport, scientific thinking, and elements of arts. As we all know that sports have helped humanity to survive in times of crisis by improving psychological state and reducing anxieties.
Last year it had been celebrated as a virtual event and was attended by chess players, United Nations and officialdom , permanent missions to the UN, representatives of civil society, academia, and other relevant stakeholders. The high-Level virtual event was focused on “Chess for Recovering Better”.
Since past Chess may be a popular game and played round the world. With time chess and their rules are evolving. It became the sport of classes. Only the upper crust could afford this challenging game during a great distance . However, the merchandise class later introduce this game to the remainder of the population while travelling round the world.
Rules of chess
In a chess , two opponents go head to go with 16 playing pieces each. These pieces include eight pawns, two rooks, two knights, two bishops, one queen, and one king in each colour. Their main objective is to capture the opponent’s king via a series of strategic moves.
FIDE is that the first institution that’s the United Chess Federations of various countries. Alexander Rueb, a Dutch lawyer, and diplomat became the primary president. Around 181 federations of various countries are members of FIDE. it’s moved its headquarters to Lausanne (Switzerland), a city that hosts several sports associations, including the International Olympic Committee (IOC). Various achievements are boosted by FIDE like defining international chess play rules, the introduction of international sports, and arbiter titles. per annum , sixfold the Federation calculates and publishes the Elo ratings. it’s the rating of the chess players which is calculated on the idea of games with one another . On International Chess Day, FIDE is liable for organising various themes, events, and competitions.
This year FIDE’s motto is, “Teach someone the way to play chess.”
Facts about chess
- Chess may be a mental game and it also can end as quickly as two moves.
- The longest game of chess is feasible which is 5,949 moves.
- The “checkmate” word springs from the Arabic word namely “shah mat” which suggests “The king is dead”.
- In 1280 in Spain, the new move was introduced where the pawn could move two steps rather than one.
- does one know for the foremost time a German Dr. Emanuel Lasker retained the Champion title that’s for 26 years and 337 days?
- In 1090 in Europe, the fashionable chessboard that we see today was the primary time appeared.
- In 1125, the folding chessboard was invented.
- The players in their first year are referred to as “Rookies”.
- In 1951, Turing developed the primary computer virus for enjoying chess.
- Chess is additionally referred to as the “Game of Kings” as earlier within the past, it had been just played by the Nobel and Kings.
- A match between Ivan Nikolic and Goran Arsovic in Belgrade in 1989 ended with a attract the sport . it had been recorded because the longest official check game and lasted 269 moves.
No doubt, today celebrates the long history of chess and therefore the role it played in societies. Chess has broken several barriers whether class, language and culture. it’s just simply two people sit right down to play one among the foremost mentally challenging games within the world.
International Chess Day FAQs
When was the first modern chess tournament held and who won it?
In 1851 In London, The First Modern Chess Tournament Was Held And It Was Won By German Adolf Anderssen.
When was Chess invented?
Chess Was Invented In Northern Indian Subcontinent During The Gupta Period (319 – 543 CE). At That Time It Was Named “Chaturanga”
When is International Chess Day observed?
International Chess Day Is Observed On 20 July To Honour The Foundation Of The Federation Internationale Des Eches (FIDES).