In the year 1919, the Jallianwala Bagh Massacre had occurred on the day of Vaishaki, a major Punjabi festival in India, on 13 April 1919.
The Jallianwala Bagh Massacre is one of the most brutal and gory events in India’s history that resulted in the death of about 1,000 people. What accelerates the incident’s gravity is the fact that the British soldiers under Acting Brigadier Reginald Dyer had opened fire in front of a mass of innocent unarmed people.
In the year 1919, the Jallianwala Bagh Massacre had occurred on the day of Baishakhi (Vaishaki), on 13 April 1919. Since then, on this day people of India remember the lives of numerous people who died that day and those, who remained alive to recount the horror.
Here are some of the important points regarding the Jallianwala Bagh Massacre that one should know
1. The incident took place in Jallianwala Bagh, an enclosed garden in Amritsar, Punjab. Hence the massacre is also called Amritsar Massacre.
2. Prior to the incident, an English missionary was attacked by angry mobs, protesting the arrest of two leaders of the independence movement. This led General Dyer to impose Martian Law on April 12, 1919.
3. Under this proclamation, no public gathering was allowed. However, the public was not made aware of the same.
4. The people who came in the Bagh were celebrating Baishakhi and they were not involved in any protest. Women and children were also a part of the crowd.
5. According to witnesses and other written records, no warning was given by the troops before firing.
6. The enclosure had only one opening, which the British troops had covered. This led to such high numbers of casualty.
7. Reportedly, the firing went on till they ran out of ammunition. Dyer came with Baluchi and Gorkha soldiers, who used rifles. Also, two armoured cars with mounted machine guns were also brought.
8. Many tried to escape the guns and jumped into a well, which was inside the garden, to their deaths.
9. Dyer was killed on March 13, 1940, by a man called Uddham Singh, a member of Gadar party seeking revenge for the massacre
10. Rabindranath Tagore renounced knighthood bestowed upon him by the British due to the Jallianwala Bagh Massacre.
Tribute to the freedom fighters who were martyred at Jallianwala Bagh by our president, prime minister
On behalf of the entire nation, I bow in tribute to the freedom fighters who were martyred at Jallianwala Bagh on this day. Their sacrifice can never be forgotten by a grateful nation, and their courage and patriotism continues to inspire us. pic.twitter.com/EctABbKtp9— President of India (@rashtrapatibhvn) April 13, 2020
I bow to those martyrs who were killed mercilessly in Jallianwala Bagh on this day. We will never forget their courage and sacrifice. Their valour will inspire Indians for the years to come. pic.twitter.com/JgDwAoWkAy— Narendra Modi (@narendramodi) April 13, 2020
Pay homage to the martyrs of 1919 #JallianwalaBagh massacre. Sharpest symbol of the untold atrocities inflicted by colonialism.— Dr. S. Jaishankar (@DrSJaishankar) April 13, 2020
An honest appraisal of this era would help make the world a better place.