Ratha Yatra or Chariot Festival is held annually within the city of Puri, in Odisha. This special fest is related to Lord Jagannath and is widely known for 9 days.
The special event which is additionally referred to as Ghosa Jatra, dates back to many years and therefore the description are often found in Kapila Samhita, Brahma Purana, Padma Purana and Skanda Purana. This year the festival goes to start out from July 12.
Jagannath Rath Yatra 2021: Significance
The literal meaning of Jagannath is Lord of Universe. In Puri, within the state of Odisha the Jagannath Temple is one among the four Dhams of hindus. Here Lord Jagannath is worshipped together with his sister Devi Subhadra and brother Balabhadra. Rath Yatra is additionally referred to as Gundicha Yatra, Ghosa yatra, Navdivisiya Yatra, Patit Pawan Yatra etc. Rath Yatra is of immense significance
Jagannath Rath Yatra 2021: Rath or chariot importance
Every year a replacement wooden rath is meant . the gathering of wood for the development of rath starts from the day of Basant Panchami. Meanwhile, the development of rath starts from Akshay Tritiya, and this year it began from May 15. On the opposite hand, the development and designing work takes place in Rakh Khalla ahead of Gajapati Maharaja Divya Singh Devji palace Shri Nahar.
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It takes about two months to finish all the three chariots which are dedicated to the three gods: Lord Jagannath, Lord Balabhadra and Devi Subhadra. Take a glance to understand more about the raths:
- For Lord Jagannath – Nandighosh with 16 wheels.
- For Lord Balabhadra – Tala dwaja with 14 wheels.
- For Devi Subhadra – Darpa dalan with 12 wheels.
Jagannath Rath Yatra 2021: Rituals
Rituals of Rath Yatra starts approximately 18 days before Rath Yatra day. Here is that the list of rituals which are followed day wise during Jagannath Rath Yatra 2021:
Lord Jagannath, Lord Balabhadra and Devi Subhadra are given ceremonial bath referred to as Snana Yatra it’s observed on Jyeshtha Purnima. it’s called Mahasnana. Snana to Lord Jagannath with 35 gold kalash, Lord Balabhadra with 22 and Devi Subhadra with 18 gold kalash filled water is given.
After Snana poornima the wooden idols are kept secluded till the date of the procession.
The chariots are placed facing North at Singh Dwar of the temple The King of Odisha cleans the chariot with a brush of golden handle, cleans path also and sprinkles sandalwood. Brings dieties and place them on chariots. The procession starts on the dwitiya day of shukla paksh of Jyeshtha month. It reaches Gundicha Mata Temple.
From Gundicha Temple procession back house is knows as Bahuda Yatra it takes place on the eighth day i.e. on dashmi tithi. During return a brief stoppage st Mausi Maa Temple is completed which is devoted to Goddess Ardhashini.
When Yatra reaches back to Jagannath Temple dieties are wearing new clothes and with joy are placed back inside the temple.
It is a ritual of Goddess Lakshmi, consort of lord Jagannath.
During Rath Yatra Dahuka boli are sung by Dahuka, these are poetic recitation. it’s believed that Rath doesn’t move unless Dahuka boli is sung. Banati players play Banati, during this balls are spinned which are assail fire and tied to the top of the rope. this is often done to appease the Lord. All the rituals are celebrated with enthusiasm by devotees of Lord Jagannath.